Using The Entity Framework In Visual Studio With C#

Database Feb 3, 2017

Using the Entity Framework in Visual Studio facilitates the handling with database objects tremendously. It's possible to access, create, update and delete database records without using dedicated sql queries and keys. Further informations can be found on MSDN and on Wikipedia.

1. Creating a Project

For this demo purpose I create a very basic C# console application.

Create A New Project Dialog - Using The Entity Framework
Create A New Project Dialog

If you already have an existing application where you want to add the Entity Framework just skip the first step.

2. Adding a .edmx file

Adding the .edmx file is the key point in the whole process of using the entity framework. Within this file you can add Entities, Relationships, Properties and all the good stuff.

Choosing the ADO.NET Entity Data Model - Using The Entity Framework
Choosing the ADO.NET Entity Data Model

On the next page you can choose if the datamodel should be generated from an existing database or not. In our example we choose an empty model - name it ContactModel - and create our own entity in the next step.

Empty Entity Framework Designer Model - Using The Entity Framework
Empty Entity Framework Designer Model

3. Creating your Entity-Relationship Model

We simply want to create a table which stores contact informations like firstname, lastname, birthdate and a nickname. First we have to add a new entity and we call it contact.

Contact Entity with properties - Using The Entity Framework
Contact Entity with properties

Then we can add all properties (database columns) by adding them within the shown contact entity (context menu -> add). After finishing this process Visual Studio automatically creates correspondending classes for handling those entities easily.

By right-clicking on the Entity you can also create a database script and/or set a database connection directly - which will be placed in the app.config or web.config - depending on the environment you use.

4. Work with it (incl. IntelliSense)

From now on you can use the ContactModelContainer for accessing a real database, to add (insert) new database records, to read them and so on. In my example I am adding 100 contacts with different names (by adding the index of the for loop) and nearly the same birthdate - the actual time minus 28 years.

static void Main(string[] args)
  ContactModelContainer cmc = new ContactModelContainer();

  for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
    Contact contact = new Contact
      Firstname = $"Firstname {i}",
      Lastname = $"Lastname {i}",
      Birthdate = DateTime.Now.AddYears(-28),
      Nickname = $"Nickname {i}",



After running this program my database table of contacts will look like this (only the first 12 rows are shown):

Contacts Records In Database Table - Using The Entity Framework
Contacts Records In Database Table

And that is basically everything you need to do when you want to work with the Entity Framework - which i highly recommend compared to working with plain SQL scripts or something like that.


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